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5. Neonatal Development (Birth to 15 days)

5. Neonatal Development (Birth to 15 days)

Q. 1. Select and w r ite the most appr opr iate 
w or d fr om the gi ven alter natives.
1. Neonatal period is from birth to ............... 
days
a)10 day s b) 20 day s 
 c)15 day s
2. Neonate ............... weight soon after birth.
a) gains b) l oses
 c)bal ance
3. Bones of the neonate are soft and flexible 
due to the high percentage of ............... 
present in them.
 a) protein b) v itamin 
 c) cartil age 
Exercises
4. Tonic Neck reflex is also known as the 
............... position. 
a) D arw inian b) F encing 
 c) pal mar 
5. The temperature in the mother’s womb is 
around ............... . 
a) 38 0
 F b) 10 0
 F 
 c) 98 0
 F 
6. Infants born between 34 and 36 completed 
weeks of pregnancy are called ............... 
a) moderatel y preterm 
 b) v ery preterm 
 c) l ate pretermm
Q. 2. Match the colu mn :
 A B
 1. Neonate sucks fingers rhythmically a� Tonic neck reflex
 2. Head turns towards source of stimulation b� Moro reflex
 3. Newborn makes embracing motion c� Grasping reflex
 4. Toes fan out d� Sucking reflex
 �. Spontaneous grasp of adult’s finger e� Rooting reflex
 6. Infant lies in a fencing position f� Babinski reflex
 g� Stepping reflex
Q. 3. Wr ite w hether the follow ing statement 
ar e r igh t or wrong and r ew r ite the 
statement.
1. Newborn babies look good and cute.
2. Neonate has to make many adjustments 
immediately after birth.
3. Babies skin is usually wrinkled and soft.
4. Foetus breathes through its nose during 
prenatal period.
�. 3remature infants are born at 40 weeks. 
Q. 4. *ive reasons 
1. Reflexes reveal the capability of the 
nervous system.
2. New born baby’s bones are soft
3. In the first few days neonates lose almost 
10 percent of their body weight
4. New born babies are wrapped in cloth 
�. 3remature infants have difficulty in 
regulating body temperature.

Q. 5. Answ er the follow ing i n one sentence.
1. What is the meaning of neonate?
2. What is reflex action"
3. What is the importance of birth cry?
4. What is meconium?
Q. 6. Explain the terms :
1. Temperature regulation
2. Vernix caseosa
3. Babinski reflex
4. 3rematurity

Q. 7. Answ er the follow ing i n b r ief

1. 3hysical appearance of a neonate.
2. Body proportions of a newborn.
3. List the signs and symptoms of prematurity.
4. Give the causes of prematurity. 

Q. 8. Identify the following reflexes and describe in short.
 ......................................... .........................................
Q. 9. a) Complete the follow ing c har t 
Adj u stments of neonate
 Breathing ........................................ .................................. Elimination 
b) Explain the importance of the first cry after birth.
 c) Wh at complications does a pr ematu r e infant u nder go?

Project / Self study


‡ Make a chart on reflexes of a new born baby / care of neonate/ feeding practices.

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