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1.4 Pillars of Democracy class 11

 Pillars of Democracy

1.4 Pillars of Democracy Brainstorming



(A1) (i) Form groups and use the following topics for discussion. Take the help of
your college library and your teacher.
 • Need for democracy
 • Features of the Constitution of India
 • Freedom of speech
 • Dictatorship Vs Democracy
 • Qualities of an ideal politician
 • Equality before law

(ii) State whether the following statements are true or false. Correct the false
statements.

 (a) There is nothing wrong in being grateful to great men.

Ans - True

 (b) Hero-worship leads to dictatorship.

Ans - True

 (c) Liberty cannot be divorced from equality.


Ans - True

 (d) One man one vote and one vote one value.

Ans - True

 (e) Fraternity means common sense.

Ans - False - It means common brotherhood

(iii) In his speech, Dr. B. R. Ambedkar has expressed his deep concern over
the absence of two things in the then Indian society. Discuss with your
partner and complete the web.
Absence of two
things in the then
Indian Society

(A2) (i) Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar has cited the quotes by John Stuart Mill and
Daniel O’Connel. Go through the lesson and write down 4 to 5 lines for
each of them.
(ii) Discuss with your partner and make a list of steps that you feel are
essential to unite the people of different castes, race, religions and languages
in India.
(iii) Write your views/opinions in brief on the following topics.
 (a) We must always cast our vote.
 (b) Liberty, equality and fraternity lead to an ideal nation.
 (c) Steps to be taken to eradicate inequality.
 (d) Role of youth in creating social awareness.
(A3) (i) Let’s use the Thesaurus.
Along with your partner, go to library or search the internet for a standard
Thesaurus to complete the following table. One is done for you.
Sr. No. Word Type Synonym Antonym
1. observe verb notice, discern, detect, mark ignore,
overlook
2. abandoned
3. grateful
4. initiative
5. peril
6. separation
(ii) Homograph : Homograph is a word spelt and pronounced like another word
but with a different meaning.
 For example: the word ‘fast’ has two meanings. The different meanings are-
 fast- hold firmly
 fast- to abstain from food
 fast- opposite of slow.
Go through the text again and make a list of meanings of all the
homographs that are found in the text. Also make a list of such words
that you know, heard or read somewhere.
(A4) (i) Go through the statement taken from the text – ‘The social democracy
means a way of life which recognises liberty, equality and fraternity’.
 The underlined part of the statement provides us some fact/information about
social democracy. The remaining part or the sentence which is not underlined
can be converted into a wh-question.
What does social democracy mean?
 Now go through the underlined part of the statements/sentences given below
and change them into questions by using the appropriate Wh-forms.
(a) In Politics we will be recognizing the principle of ‘one man one vote’ and
‘one vote one value’.
 (b) The politically minded Indians preferred the expression ‘the Indian nation’.
 (c) Fraternity means a sense of common brotherhood of all Indians.
Prepositions:
 Prepositions are words governing, and usually preceding, a noun or pronoun
and expressing a relation to another word or element. These words express
relationships in space and time, as well as other more abstract relationships:
cause, purpose, possession, exception and many others.
 (Prepositions are difficult to use correctly: a small number of words cover
a very wide range of concrete and abstract meanings, and the difference
between them are not always very clear or systematic. Also, one language
does not always use the ‘same’ preposition as another to express a
particular meaning.) Ref : Oxford English Grammar
 Let’s learn some examples.
At – (place and movement)
• It (‘at’) is often used to talk about ‘where’ something happens – place, area,
spot, site, etc.
• I met Hemant at the college library.
• Students decided to gather at the cricket stadium.
 ‘at’ is often used with words for things people do, or places where they do
them.
• We decided to exchange learning material at the Good Luck restaurant.
• I gave the talk at New English Junior College.
 ‘at’ is used with the names of small places and not with big places.
• Raju rented a house at Stivajinagar in Pune.
 (Raju rented a house in Pune and not at Pune)
 ‘at’ to tell the exact time.
• My college starts at 7.30 a.m.
• The guests will reach the auditorium at 6'Oclock.
 ‘at’ is used to say at Diwali, at Christmas, at Holi etc.
In – We use ‘in’ with the names of big cities, weeks, seasons, months, years and
centuries, in the morning, afternoon, evening (but at night), inside something.
• I woke up early in the morning.
• Trekking mountaineering and adventure camps are always organised in the
summer.
• Sujata kept the keys in her purse.
On – It is used to specify days and dates, indicate a device or machine (phone or
computer), part of body, state of something and express a surface of something.



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